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Hispanic Heritage Month Facts and Statistics
2013:
Sept. 15 – Oct. 15

In September 1968, Congress authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to proclaim National
Hispanic Heritage Week, observed during the week that included Sept. 15 and

Sept. 16. The observance was expanded in 1989 by Congress to a month long celebration

(Sept. 15 – Oct. 15), America celebrates the culture and traditions of those who trace their roots
to Spain, Mexico and the Spanish-speaking nations of Central America, South America and the
Caribbean.

Sept. 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of
independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras
and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and
Sept. 18, respectively.

Population
53 million

The Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2012, making people of Hispanic
origin the nation’s largest ethnic or racial minority. Hispanics constituted 17 percent of the
nation’s total population.

Source: 2012 Population Estimates
<http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=bkmk>


1.1 million
Number of Hispanics added to the nation’s population between July 1, 2011, and July 1, 2012.
This number is close to half of the approximately 2.3 million people added to the nation’s
population during this period.

Source: 2012 Population Estimates

National Characteristics: Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic origin
<http://www.census.gov/popest/data/national/asrh/2012/index.html>, See first bullet under “Sex,
Race, and Hispanic Origin”

2.2%
Percentage increase in the Hispanic population between 2011 and 2012.

Source: 2012 Population Estimates
National Characteristics: Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic origin
<http://www.census.gov/popest/data/national/asrh/2012/index.html>, See first bullet under “Sex,
Race, and Hispanic Origin”

128.8 million
The projected Hispanic population of the United States in 2060. According to this projection, the
Hispanic population will constitute 31 percent of the nation’s population by that date.

Source: Population Projections
<http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/population/cb08-123.html>

2nd
Ranking of the size of the U.S. Hispanic population worldwide, as of 2010. Only Mexico

(112 million) had a larger Hispanic population than the United States (50.5 million).
Source: International Data Base
< http://www.census.gov/population/international/data/idb/informationGateway.php>

65%
The percentage of Hispanic-origin people in the United States who were of Mexican background
in 2011. Another 9.4 percent were of Puerto Rican background, 3.8 percent Salvadoran, 3.6
percent Cuban, 3.0 percent Dominican and 2.3 percent Guatemalan. The remainder was of some
other Central American, South American or other Hispanic/Latino origin.
 

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 American Community Survey: Table B03001
<http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?fpt=table>

States and Counties
Florida
The state with the highest median age, 34, within the Hispanic population.

Source: 2012 Population Estimates
State Characteristics: Median Age by Race and Hispanic Origin
<http://www.census.gov/popest/data/state/asrh/2012/index.html>

10 million
The estimated population for those of Hispanic-origin in Texas as of July 1, 2012.

Source: 2012 Population Estimates
State Characteristics: Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin
<http://www.census.gov/popest/data/state/asrh/2012/index.html>

8
The number of states with a population of 1 million or more Hispanic residents in 2012 —
Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New York and Texas.

Source: 2012 Population Estimates
State Characteristics: Population by Race and Hispanic Origin
<http://www.census.gov/popest/data/state/asrh/2012/index.html>

More than 50%
The percent of all the Hispanic population that lived in California, Florida, and Texas as of July
1, 2012.

Source: 2012 Population Estimates

State Characteristics: Population by Race and Hispanic Origin

<http://www.census.gov/popest/data/state/asrh/2012/index.html>

47%
The percentage of New Mexico’s population that was Hispanic as of July 1, 2012, the highest of
any state.

Source: 2012 Population Estimates

State Characteristics: Population by Race and Hispanic Origin

<http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/population/cb13-112.html>

14.5 million
The Hispanic population of California. This is the largest Hispanic population of any state as
well as the largest numeric increase within the Hispanic population since July 1, 2011 (232,000).

Source: 2012 Population Estimates

<http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/population/cb13-112.html>

4.8 million
The Hispanic population of Los Angeles County, Calif., in 2012. This is the highest of any
county and the largest numeric increase since 2012 (55,000).

Source: 2012 Population Estimates

<http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/population/cb13-112.html>

21
Number of states in which Hispanics were the largest minority group. These states were Arizona,
California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Massachusetts,
Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas,
Utah, Washington and Wyoming.

Source: American FactFinder: United States DP-1

<http://factfinder2.census.gov>

Families and Children
11.6 million
The number of Hispanic family households in the United States in 2012.

Source: Families and Living Arrangements: Table F1
<http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps2012.html>


62.3%
The percentage of Hispanic family households that were married couple households in 2012.

Source: Families and Living Arrangements: Table F1
<http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps2012.html>

60.4%
The percentage of Hispanic married-couple households that had children younger than 18 present
in 2012.

Source: Families and Living Arrangements: Table F1

<http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps2012.html>

65.7%
Percentage of Hispanic children living with two parents in 2012.

Source: Families and Living Arrangements: Table C9
<http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps2012.html>

45.3%
Percentage of Hispanic married couples with children under 18 where both spouses were
employed in 2012.

Source: Families and Living Arrangements: Table FG-1

<http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps2012.html>

Spanish Language
37.6 million
The number of U.S. residents 5 and older who spoke Spanish at home in 2011. This is a 117
percent increase since 1990 when it was 17.3 million. Those who hablan español en casa
constituted 12.9 percent of U.S. residents 5 and older. More than half of these Spanish speakers
spoke English “very well.”

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 American Community Survey: Table B16001
<http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_1YR_B16001&prodType=table> and Language Use in the United States: 2007

<http://www.census.gov/prod/2010pubs/acs-12.pdf>

74.3%
Percentage of Hispanics 5 and older who spoke Spanish at home in 2011.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 American Community Survey: Table B16006
<http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_1YR_B16006&prodType=table>

Income, Poverty and Health Insurance
$38,624

The median income of Hispanic households in 2011.

Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2011, Table A

<http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/income_wealth/cb12-172.html>

25.3%
The poverty rate among Hispanics in 2011, down from 26.5 percent in 2010.
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2011, Table B

<http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/income_wealth/cb12-172.html>

30.1%
The percentage of Hispanics who lacked health insurance in 2011.

Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2011, Table C-2

<http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/income_wealth/cb12-172.html>

Education
63.2%

The percentage of Hispanics 25 and older that had at least a high school education in 2011.
Source: American Community Survey: 2011 Table S0201 (crossed with Hispanic origin)
<http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?fpt=table

13.2%
The percentage of the Hispanic population 25 and older with a bachelor’s degree or
higher in 2011.

Source: American Community Survey: 2011 Table S0201 (crossed with Hispanic origin)
<http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?fpt=table

3.7 million
The number of Hispanics 25 and older who had at least a bachelor’s degree in 2011.
Source: American Community Survey: 2011 Table S0201 (crossed with Hispanic origin)
<http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?fpt=table

1.2 million
Number of Hispanics 25 and older with advanced degrees in 2011 (e.g., master’s, professional,
doctorate).
Source: American Community Survey: 2011 Table S0201 (crossed with Hispanic origin)
<http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?fpt=table

14.5%
Percentage of students (both undergraduate and graduate students) enrolled in college in 2011
who were Hispanic.

Source: School Enrollment Data Current Population Survey: October 2011, Table 1
<http://www.census.gov/hhes/school/data/cps/2011/tables.html>

22.5%
Percentage of elementary and high school students that were Hispanic in 2011.

Source: School Enrollment Data Current Population Survey: October 2011, Table 1
<http://www.census.gov/hhes/school/data/cps/2011/tables.html>

Foreign-Born
36.2%
Percent of the Hispanic population that was foreign-born in 2011.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 American Community Survey, Table: S0201

<http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_09_1YR_S0201&prodType=table>

Jobs
67.4%
Percentage of Hispanics or Latinos 16 and older who were in the civilian labor force in 2011.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 American Community Survey, Table: S0201 (Hispanic)

<http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_1YR_S0201&prodType=table>

19.2%
The percentage of civilian employed Hispanics or Latinos 16 and older who worked in
management, business, science, and arts occupations in 2011.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 American Community Survey, Table: S0201 (Hispanic)
<http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/11_1YR/S0201//popgroup~400>

Voting
8.4%

The percentage of voters in the 2012 presidential election who were Hispanic. Hispanics
comprised 7 percent of voters in 2010.

Source: News Release: Census Bureau Reports Hispanic Voter Turnout Reaches Record High
for Congressional Election

<http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/voting/cb11-164.html> and Voting and
Registration in the Election of November 2012: Table 2

<http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/socdemo/voting/publications/p20/2012/tables.html>

Serving our Country
1.2 million

The number of Hispanics or Latinos 18 and older who are veterans of the U.S. armed forces.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 American Community Survey: Table B21001I

<http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_1YR_B21001I&prodType=table>

Businesses
Source for statements in this section: Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity,
and Race for the U.S., States, Metro Areas, Counties, and Places: 2007, Table SB0700CSA01

<http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=SBO_2007_
00CSA01&prodType=table> Data for 2012 are being collected.

2.3 million
The number of Hispanic-owned businesses in 2007, up 43.6 percent from 2002.

$350.7 billion
Receipts generated by Hispanic-owned businesses in 2007, up 58.0 percent from 2002.

23.7%
The percentage of businesses in New Mexico in 2007 that were Hispanic-owned, which led all
states. Florida (22.4 percent) and Texas (20.7 percent) were runners-up.


Editor’s note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling
variability and other sources of error. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau’s Public
Information Office: telephone: 301-763-3030; fax: 301-763-3762; or e-mail: <pio@census.gov>.

 

 

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Last Updated: November 13, 2013